Recycling craft village with extended responsibility policy of producers: EPR policy enforcement is an inevitable trend

(Mr. Hoang Duc Vuong, Chairman of the Recycled Plastics Association (Viet Nam Plastics Association)

Reporter: The Environmental Protection Law of 2020 sets out the basic principle of the extended producer responsibility (EPR) mechanism. Currently, MONRE is also developing a specific legal framework to guide the implementation. Could you tell us about the benefits that EPR brings?
Mr. Hoang Duc Vuong:
The EPR is a breakthrough tool of the Government in environmental protection, towards a circular economy. The implementation of this policy is a big challenge for managers and businesses, but it is an inevitable trend with some basic benefits such as: Promoting the collection and recycling system of both packaging and Products of little value, difficult to recycle, are polluting the environment and overloading landfills like today. At the same time, encourage businesses to make efforts to design ecological products and packaging with higher collection and recycling capacity, thereby reducing costs and burden for recyclers.
In addition, this policy has the potential to assist the recycling industry in converting a simple, low-quality recycling system to a high-quality, advanced, modern system; generate large, high-quality recycled output that increases demand and creates a market for recycled products; To limit the financial risk for recyclers due to unsafe and economically viable recycling, the support from EPR will solve this problem.
Reporter: In your opinion, what effect will the circular economy in general and the EPR policy have on recycling craft villages in particular and the recycling industry in general?
Mr. Hoang Duc Vuong:
The EPR policy stipulates the extended responsibilities of manufacturers for 6 groups of products including: packaging, batteries – accumulators, lubricants, tires, electronics, automobiles – motorcycles. Most of these items after disposal are being recycled in craft villages. For many years, we have not had proper recognition, guidance and investment, so many craft villages have generated serious pollution, especially harmful to the workers themselves. .
Implementing a new policy, forcing businesses to collect and recycle or hire businesses to collect and recycle packaging and products. This is the driving force for craft villages to form recycling businesses that ensure the environment, creating a more thorough and larger waste collection market, which means creating more jobs, increasing income.
When businesses carry out the extended responsibility of manufacturers, they will have to shake hands with the scrap collection and recycling system, which means that this system is taken care of and placed in a higher position of the economy.
I personally think that, when implementing the policy, each recycling craft village will shift into two trends, some large recycling households will combine to establish recycling businesses and move into industrial zones, carry out environmentally-friendly recycling to receive support, the rest will do the work of collecting and sorting to provide recycling businesses. Thus, the recycling in craft villages will decrease sharply, the pollution problem in craft villages will be solved.
Reporter: So, what do we need to do to avoid a conflict of interest between the official recycling group and the recycling craft village?
Mr. Hoang Duc Vuong:
As I said above, the enforcement of an extended liability policy by the manufacturer does not create a conflict of interest between recyclers and recycling villages.
This policy creates cash flow, increases funding for larger recycling collection than before, makes the recycling collection market stronger, individuals and organizations operating in that market all benefit. Recycling businesses supported by the policy will compete to collect and recycle with larger output, higher prices, and more income for the informal collection system. Meanwhile, recycling households have the opportunity to transform from simple, polluting recycling into advanced, environmentally-friendly recycling businesses.
Reporter: Thank you very much!
Pham Oanh, Natural Resources and Environment Newspaper

28 Jun 22
Decision No. 450/QD-TTg of the Prime Minister: Approving the National Strategy for Environmental Protection to 2030, with a Vision to 2050 News, News, News

On April 13, 2022, Deputy Prime Minister Le Van Thanh signed a decision approving the National Strategy for Environmental Protection to 2030, with a Vision to 2050. In order to successfully carry out the assigned tasks, the time required In the past, the Institute of Strategy and Policy on natural resources and environment (ISPONRE) On October 30, 2020, Minister Tran Hong Ha submitted to the Prime Minister for approval the National Strategy for Environmental Protection to 2030, with a vision to 2050 in Report No. 54/TTr-BTNMT.

On November 23, 2020, the Government Office issued Official Letter No. 9777/VPCP-NN to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment for the direction of Deputy Prime Minister Trinh Dinh Dung on continuing to review the draft Strategy to ensure ensure compliance with the Law on Environmental Protection 2020 and Documents after the end of the 13th Party Congress; at the same time, working with ministries and branches also have different opinions on the targets of the Strategy. Following the direction of Deputy Prime Minister Trinh Dinh Dung, ISPONRE reviewed the views, goals, tasks and solutions, worked with a number of ministries and branches and completed the Draft Strategy.

On April 29, 2021, Minister Tran Hong Ha signed and promulgated Official Letter No. 2007/BTNMT-VCLCS to the Prime Minister on reviewing and finalizing the Draft Strategy.

On July 27, 2021, Deputy Minister Vo Tuan Nhan signed and promulgated Official Letter No. 4204/BTNMT-VCLC to the Government Office on receiving comments from Ministries and sectors on the Draft National Strategy for Environmental Protection to 2030, with a vision to 2050.

On September 16, 2021, the Government Office issued Official Letter No. 6553/VPCP-NN to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment on continuing to review the Draft National Environmental Protection Strategy to 2030, with a vision to 2050. Accordingly, the Institute has reviewed, supplemented and updated the content of the Draft Strategy to ensure consistency with the Decree guiding the implementation of the Law on Environmental Protection 2020, a number of newly issued documents and commitments of Viet Nam at COP26.

On April 13, 2022, Deputy Prime Minister Le Van Thanh signed a decision approving the National Strategy for Environmental Protection to 2030, with a Vision to 2050. approved strategy with the view that environment is the conditions, foundations and prerequisites for sustainable socio-economic development, so economic development must be in harmony with nature, respect natural laws, and do not trade off the environment for economic growth. Environmental protection is the responsibility of the whole political system and society as a whole, in which local authorities, businesses, communities and people play an important role. Protecting the environment must take the protection of people’s health as a top goal. Prioritize proactively preventing and controlling pollution, focusing on solving key and urgent environmental issues; overcoming pollution, degradation, improving environmental quality, combined with nature conservation and biodiversity, contributing to climate change response.

The objective of the Strategy is to prevent the trend of increasing pollution and environmental degradation by 2030, solve urgent environmental problems, and gradually improve and restore environmental quality; prevent biodiversity loss. Improve capacity to proactively respond to climate change; ensuring environmental security, building and developing models of circular economy, green economy, low carbon, striving to achieve the country’s sustainable development goals.

The National Environmental Protection Strategy defines a vision that by 2050, Viet Nam’s environment will be of good quality, ensuring the people’s right to live in a clean and safe environment; biodiversity is preserved, conserved, and ecological balance is ensured; proactively respond to climate change; A society in harmony with nature, a circular economy, a green and low-carbon economy is formed and developed, towards the goal of being carbon neutral by 2050.

Strategic tasks set out:

– Actively prevent, control and prevent adverse impacts on the environment and environmental incidents.

– Solve key and urgent environmental issues; overcome environmental pollution and degradation; maintain and improve the quality and hygiene of the environment.

– Conserve nature and biodiversity, promote environmental protection in the exploitation and use of resources.

– Actively protect the environment to contribute to improving capacity to adapt to climate change and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

To carry out the above tasks, first of all, it is necessary to renew the thinking of all levels and branches; raising awareness and awareness of environmental protection of businesses, communities and people. Continue to improve the system of policies and laws on environmental protection in line with market economic institutions, improve the organizational structure, and speed up the reform of administrative procedures in environmental protection. Besides, it is necessary to strongly apply science and technology, promote innovation and digital transformation; building technical infrastructure, monitoring network and environmental database, and at the same time promoting international cooperation on environmental protection in the context of deep integration of the economy.

For details of the Decision, please see here.has presided over and coordinated with relevant units to research and develop a draft national strategy for environmental protection to 2030, with a vision to 2050. .